Mano apunta símbolo 5G

February 09, 2023

Trends that benefit data centres: Hyperscale and 5G

The IDC consultancy expects the collective sum of the world's data to grow to 175 zettabytes by 2025, which is 150 times more bytes of data than stars in the observable universe.

Although we all generate and own considerable amounts of data, most of it resides in data centres, spaces or buildings dedicated to housing an organisation's computer equipment and servers. A company can use the resources of its data centre to run its business, or provide those resources to the public as a service.

In fact, these large figures remind us that much of this information resides in hyperscale centres, which are able to respond to demands for memory, bandwidth, calculating power, storage and speed.


Hyperscale data centres are significantly larger than business data centres. As defined by Techopedia, hyperscale computing refers to the facilities and provisioning required in distributed computing environments to efficiently scale from a few servers to thousands of servers. Hyperscale computing is typically used in environments such as Big Data and cloud computing.

While this is not an official definition, the consensus is that any data centre containing 5,000 servers, covers a minimum of 930 square metres and offers at least 40 MW of capacity, can be regarded as a hyperscale facility. In fact, they are usually much larger.

Hyperscale is also a term that encompasses the ability of a computer system to scale up, by orders of magnitude, to meet a huge demand. Thus, hyperscale data centres are exceptionally agile, with the ability to scale up, down and out to satisfy any demand they service. This can mean adding more calculation power, as well as the ability to add more machines, or the ability to scale up to the edge of a network.

As everything trends toward the cloud or is offered as a service, this provides a significant growth vector for hyperscale centres, since they can provide the resources needed to satisfy all this demand.

In fact, content providers, public clouds and big data storage have become synonymous with hyperscale, which allows all this information to reach its destination quickly and with finite data centre life cycles. The owners of these centres promise to achieve five nines uptime (99.999%) from the outset, together with a useful data centre life in excess of 10 years.

The advent of 5G

The arrival of 5G is also driving the development and adoption of other technologies, such as edge computing or the IoT (Internet of Things). These technologies are generating even more data that must be processed and analysed in milliseconds to provide a competitive edge to their owners.

The fifth generation of wireless telephone networks also requires data centres around the world to add new services and servers to facilitate edge computing and IoT, among others. Because, even though both technologies involve transferring part of the intelligence from the cloud to a site closer to where the data is produced and generated, hyperscale data centres will continue to play a fundamental role in scalability, in complying with service level agreements and in the efficiency of the network that supports these vertical sectors.

It should be noted that combining the public cloud offered by hyperscalers, especially at the edge computing level, and 5G is a challenge, because it requires very low latency, the ability to process large data (much of it based on AI/ML) and data storage, which must be provided as close as possible to where the data was generated.

However, a great deal of growth is expected in everything related to 5G applications, in multiple industries, sectors and economies: Industry 4.0, more digital tourism, autonomous driving, entertainment... The business opportunities are extensive, but again, hyperscalers need to be more prepared than ever to have the IT infrastructure ready to support 5G.

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